Great Tit ( Parus major )
Great Tit - Great Tit information - Great Tit facts
The Great tit is distributed all around Europe, then in eastern parts of Asia and in northern Africa. It is 14 cm (6 inches) long. It has got black head with white cheeks and a small bill. The back is grayish green and blue at its end. There is a yellow colored plumage on both sides.
Parus major inhabits woodlands and lives in tree hollows or in the garden nest-boxes. Their nests are cup-shaped and made from vegetation. The breeding season usually starts in March and lasts until July. Hens lay from 6-12 eggs, which are white with reddish spotting.
The male, also called a cock, seeks out potential nest however the female bird, a hen, makes the final decision. They feed on vegetation, seeds and invertebrates. In comparison to other tits the Great tit does not hoard food. When roosting they are able to lower their body temperature in a nest during night. This enables them to use their energy effectively. After the breeding season they are often found flying with other birds, during the breeding season they are more territorial.